For decades, police have championed less-lethal munitions as life-saving alternatives to deadly force. Their history, however, tells a different story — one of imprecise science, unmeasured usage, untrained police forces, death, and disfigurement.

With revelatory reporting by Linda Rodriguez McRobbie, stunning original and historical photography, and a captivating multimedia website, this six-part, longform feature tells the full, brutal story of kinetic impact projectiles and their usage, from rubber bullets’ invention in 1970s Northern Ireland all the way through the 2020 Black Lives Matter protests.

Best Individual Editorial Feature
Webby Awards
Best Specialized Journalism Site
Society of Professional Journalists Sigma Delta Chi Award
Yellow Pencil
Digital Publications D&AD Awards
Feature Most Likely to Inspire Future Journalists American
Journalism Online Awards
Bronze Cube, Publication Design
ADC Annual Awards